Coronavirus outbreaks an international emergency rest of world
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Coronavirus outbreaks an international emergency rest of world

Coronavirus outbreaks an international emergency rest of world

 

The current outbreak of COVID-19 coronavirus infection, which was first reported on December 31, 2019, in Wuhan, China. 

The United Nations is stepping up its efforts to control the coronavirus infection COVID-19. UN agencies in countries assist local authorities in supporting the health sector and helping the most vulnerable. The World Health Organization and its partners are doing everything possible to provide health professionals with the necessary protective equipment.

 

Coronavirus outbreaks an international emergency rest of world

 

WHO works closely with international experts, governments and partners to quickly obtain scientific evidence about the new virus, track its spread and assess virulence, and provide countries and people with recommendations on measures to protect health and prevent the spread of the outbreak.

 

Coronaviruses are an extensive family of viruses that infect humans and animals. It is known that some of them are capable of causing respiratory infections in humans ranging from the common cold to more serious conditions. The last of the recently discovered coronaviruses cause COVID ‑ 19. Prior to the outbreak of infection in Wuhan, China in December 2019, nothing was known about the new virus and disease. It is transmitted mainly by airborne droplets as a result of inhalation of droplets released from the patient’s respiratory tract, for example by coughing or sneezing, as well as droplets of saliva or nasal discharge. It can also spread when the patient touches any contaminated surface, such as a door handle. In this case, infection occurs when you touch your mouth, nose or eyes with dirty hands.

 

How is coronavirus transmitted?

 

  • airborne droplets (when coughing or sneezing)
  • by contact (handrails in vehicles, door handles, and other contaminated surfaces and objects)

Like other respiratory viruses, coronavirus spreads through drops that form when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

In addition, it can spread when an infected person touches any contaminated surface, such as a door handle. People become infected when they touch their mouth, nose, or eyes with contaminated hands.

 

Symptoms of a coronavirus COVID — 19

In the vast majority of cases, these symptoms are associated not with coronavirus, but with the usual SARS.

 

  1. The main symptoms of coronavirus
  2. high body temperature
  3. cough (dry or with a little sputum)
  4. dyspnea
  5. muscle pain
  6. fatigue

Rare symptoms of coronavirus

  1. headache
  2. chest congestion
  3. hemoptysis
  4. diarrhea
  5. nausea, vomiting

7 steps to prevent coronavirus infection

  1. Refrain from visiting public places: shopping centers, sports and entertainment events, transport.
  2. Do not touch your eyes, face, and mouth with dirty hands.
  3. Avoid close contact and stay in the same room with people who have visible signs of SARS (coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge).
  4. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water after returning from the street and contacting people, disinfect gadgets and work surfaces.
  5. Disinfect gadgets, office equipment and the surfaces you touch.
  6. Limit close hugs and handshakes when greeting.
  7. Use only personal hygiene items (towel, toothbrush).

 

Myths and false beliefs

Are antibiotics effective in preventing and treating a new coronavirus infection?
No, antibiotics do not work against viruses. They allow you to treat only bacterial infections. A new coronavirus is a virus, and therefore antibiotics should not be used to prevent and treat coronavirus infection. However, patients hospitalized with an infection may be given antibiotics to treat concomitant bacterial infections.

Can regular rinsing of the nose with saline protects against coronavirus infection?
No. There is no scientific evidence that regular washing of the nose with saline can protect against new coronavirus infection. According to some reports, regular rinsing of the nose with saline can accelerate recovery from a common cold. However, there is no evidence of the effectiveness of regular nose washing as a means of preventing respiratory infections.

Is it true that only older people can become infected with the new coronavirus, or is youth susceptible to this infection?
Representatives of all age categories can become infected with a new coronavirus (COVID-19). It seems that older people and people with certain diseases (such as asthma, diabetes, heart disease) are at increased risk of developing severe forms of coronavirus infection. WHO recommends that people of all ages take measures to protect themselves from infection, for example by observing hand and cough hygiene.

 

Frequently
Asked
Questions

What is a coronavirus and how does infection occur?

Coronaviruses are an extensive family of viruses that infect humans and animals. It is known that some of them are capable of causing respiratory infections in humans ranging from the common cold to more serious conditions. The last of the recently discovered coronaviruses cause COVID ‑ 19. Prior to the outbreak of infection in Wuhan, China in December 2019, nothing was known about the new virus and disease. It is transmitted mainly by airborne droplets as a result of inhalation of droplets released from the patient’s respiratory tract, for example by coughing or sneezing, as well as droplets of saliva or nasal discharge. It can also spread when the patient touches any contaminated surface, such as a door handle. In this case, infection occurs when you touch your mouth, nose or eyes with dirty hands.

Can I get coronavirus from pets?
Today seven types of coronaviruses are known, which are the causative agents of acute human respiratory diseases. Among these viruses is the new COVID-19. According to modern data, animals – cats, dogs, hamsters, and others – cannot be the source of coronavirus infection caused by these types of viruses. According to current data from the World Health Organization, there were no cases of infection of cats and dogs with the new coronavirus, as well as the facts of the spread of COVID-19 by pets.

Is there a vaccine for coronavirus?
No. Initial vaccine trials will be completed by June 22nd, and then clinical trials will begin.

In all, seven coronavirus vaccine prototypes have been developed in Russia. Preparations are assembled by genetic engineering from recombinant proteins. Now experts determine the most effective of them.

The vaccine itself, according to experts, will become available in about 11 months.

Can a new coronavirus be cured?
Yes, sure. So far, there is no specific drug for the new coronavirus. Just as there is no specific treatment for most other respiratory viruses that cause colds.
Viral pneumonia – the main and most dangerous complication of coronavirus infection – cannot be treated with antibiotics. In the case of pneumonia, treatment is aimed at maintaining lung function.

Who is at risk?
People of all ages can become infected with the virus. The severity of the disease depends on individual factors. However, people over 65 years of age, as well as citizens with a weakened immune system and chronic diseases, are advised to be most careful and attentive to their health.
Children and grandchildren of older people need to take care of the older generation, bring in food and medicine, observing all the precautions, without contacting them. The help of volunteers can be requested

What is the difference between coronavirus and influenza virus?
Coronavirus and influenza viruses are similar to the main symptoms, transmission and prevention methods, but they also have fundamental differences.

For example, the incubation period: in flu, it is 3 days, and in COVID-19 it is 5-6 days. Coronavirus infection also causes more severe and critical cases, which, in turn, leads to higher mortality rates than seasonal flu.

Can I get coronavirus through a mobile phone?
You should regularly treat the phone itself with antiseptic agents, especially where the gadget’s body comes in contact with the face. If there is a cover – then it must be removed and processed separately during processing (or it is better to do without it at all). To combat influenza viruses and SARS (and coronaviruses) it is best to use alcohol-based wipes and gels. The popular antiseptic chlorhexidine is more designed to protect against bacteria, but in extreme cases, you can use it.

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Coronavirus outbreaks an international emergency rest of world
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